It is, after all, the lead word in the little headline.
Say $140 all up for the Steel Barrel and Its Lid.
Say $30 all up for the oil within the barrel.
Refine the oil to Automobile-Grade Gasoline and use it to propel a car; 80% of that energy is dissipated as heat (that is, not used to propel the car; it’s what Water-Cooled Engines do – serve as Massive Wasteful Heat Pumps)
What do you have left?
And empty steel barrel and its lid, which you can use again and again and again and ...
It’s called “leading with your chin”.
Toronto GTHA Transit
I, of course, have no say in the matter.
But based on my experience in France, the surest way to make ridership increase and make public transit popular is to eliminate as many transitions as possible.
The Île de France has a ticketing system called Navigo, five concentric zones, the innermost (”Zone 1”) being Paris City itself, a rough circle about eleven kilometres in diameter. The outermost zone is irregular in shape but can be contained in a rectangle roughly 100 Km east-west and 140 Km north-south.
Think of a semi-circle based on Toronto and arcing through London, Hunstville and Belleville.
Good on the city buses and subways and streetcars, the regional trains, the provincial city buses and the inter-city buses.
Think of buying a monthly 5-zone Navigo pass for €70 (about $cdn100) and hopping on a bus to the subway, to Union Station, onto a GO train (every 15 minutes 18 hours a day in both directions on all lines) out to Guelph, grab a coffee, ride the Guelph local buses, train or bus to Orangeville for lunch, ride the Orangeville buses, train or bus to Orillia for supper, and then home by train, subway, bus.
All on a single ticket.
Don’t sweat these zones: Toronto Commuters factor in cost (dollars and hours) of commuting when they but a house in Brampton or Oshawa. They know what it means to factor transit costs into location.
Tourists and Visiting Businesses love it.
Irregular travelers (me!) love it.
All that it takes is for Transit Authorities to wake up to the fact that Passenger Convenience and Service is the primary objective.